Star CBM Lectura allows you to accurately assess students' Spanish reading development so that you can better target instruction and intervention to each learner’s specific needs. Teachers administer one-on-one assessments of one minute (or ninety seconds for Nombrar colores rápidamente), then use the results to understand students' learning gaps, instructional needs, and patterns of errors so they can leverage students' strengths and identify opportunities for growth. As you give the assessments again over time, you can see how students are progressing.
Before teachers can begin using Star CBM Lectura, students, teachers, courses, and classes need to be added to your Renaissance software. The classes that will use Star CBM Lectura must have one of these products assigned (depending on the licenses your district has purchased): Star CBM Lectura, Star CBM Reading and Math, Star Elementary, or Star 360 Spanish. For more information about setting up your users and classes, see Setting Up Renaissance.
Choosing a Language for the Interface
On any page in Star CBM Lectura and in the Star Record Book, you can choose to see the interface in English or Spanish by selecting a language at the top of the page. The software remembers your choice as it moves from page to page.
Selecting the Type of Biliteracy Program
The first time you go to the CBM Spanish Assessments tab for the selected class, you will see a welcome message, and you'll be asked to choose the type of biliteracy program that you use for this class. This information helps Star CBM Lectura give you the best information about your students.
To start, click Select Program Type.
Select the type of program that best describes your class instruction, not the school as a whole. You will see four choices:
- Dual language two way - Speakers of English and Spanish developing both languages in conjunction: Spanish speakers and English speakers are taught together in both languages. Use the drop-down list to choose the percentage of Spanish versus English instruction in your classroom; for example, 90/10 means 90% of the instruction is given in Spanish, while 10% is given in English.
- Dual language one way - Mainly Spanish-dominant speakers developing English and Spanish: Spanish speakers are taught separately in both Spanish and English. Use the drop-down list to choose the percentage of Spanish versus English instruction in your classroom (such as 90/10 if 90% of the instruction is in Spanish).
- Transitional bilingual: Instruction is given in both languages initially, with more and more of the instruction being in English over time.
Custom: If none of the options describe your program, select Custom, then enter a brief description of your program type.
After choosing an option, select Submit at the bottom of the window.
If you select Ask Me Later, note that you can't use Star CBM Lectura with the class until you have selected a program type. To make the selection later, click Select Program Type again on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab.
Once you've chosen a program, you can change it later if necessary; simply select the change link at the bottom of the page under the table.
Getting to Know the Available Measures
The following measures are available for Star CBM Lectura. Each domain includes several assessments. Recommended grades are in parentheses.
Combinaciones de letras (Grades K-1)
Students say the phonetic sounds of letter pairs.
Palabras con sílabas simples (Grades K-1)
Simple-syllable words: Students read simple one- or two-syllable words aloud. (20% of the words are complex-syllable.)
Palabras con sílabas compuestas (Grades 1-2)
Complex-syllable words: Students read complex-syllable words aloud. (20% of the words will be simple-syllable.)
Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español) (Grades 1-6)
Passage Oral Reading in Spanish — Students read grade-level passages written in Spanish aloud.
Nombrar colores rápidamente (Grades K-3)
Rapid Color Naming — Students name the colors on the form. You will need a color printer if you administer this assessment in Mixed or Print mode. These assessments are available when you select Rapid Naming above the table on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab.
Nombrar objetos rápidamente (Grades K-3)
Rapid Picture Naming — Students name the objects shown in pictures on the form. You will need a color printer if you administer this assessment in Mixed or Print mode. These assessments are available when you select Rapid Naming above the table on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab.
Nombrar letras rápidamente (Grades K-3)
Rapid Letter Naming — Students name the letters on the form. These assessments are available when you select Rapid Naming above the table on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab.
Nombrar números rápidamente (Grades K-3)
Rapid Number Naming — Students name the numbers on the form. These assessments are available when you select Rapid Naming above the table on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab.
Which Assessment Should I Start With?
You can assess on any measure at any time. For grades 1-4, you'll see the indicator for each student for Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español), which is the recommended screening measure for those grades (with passages at the appropriate grade level). Other grades do not have recommended screening measures.
To start an assessment, select the cell for the student and any measure; then, select Start or Print Assessment. You will then be asked to choose how you want to administer the assessment.
Star CBM Lectura assessments can be administered by must be an adult who is fluent and fully literate in Spanish and who is aware of the best practices for administering the assessments.
There are three ways to administer assessments. Click the link for each for instructions:
- Online: Both the teacher and the student use a computer or device. Teacher and student do not need to be in the same location (remote administration) if video/audio are available; see Administering Star CBM Remotely and the related Family Guide.
- Mixed: The teacher uses the computer, while the student uses a paper form. Each student is assigned a different form; be sure to print or use the correct form after you choose the Mixed Format for that student.
- Print: Both the the teacher and student use paper forms during the assessment, and the teacher enters scores later. Each student is assigned a different form; be sure to print or use the correct teacher and student forms for each student after you choose the Print format.
For Print and Mixed assessments, you can either print forms as needed or preprint forms and select the assigned form as needed.
For more information about the three formats, see How to Administer Star CBM Lectura Assessments.
How the Table Shows CBM Assessment Scores
For each student, you will see the student's grade and the student's latest Correct Per Minute (CPM) score (if any) for each type of assessment. When benchmarks are available for a student's score and the current season (Fall, Winter, or Spring), the background color shows which benchmark category the score falls into. Note: Rapid Automatic Naming measures do not have benchmarks.
For measures that don't have norms and benchmarks for the student's grade and season, scores are shown on a gray background. If you see a green check mark next to the score, that score would fall within the Satisfactory/Optimal category in the nearest grade and season where benchmarks exist for the measure. (For Pasajes para lectura en voz alta español, when the student is assessed at another grade level, the benchmarks for the passage's grade level and the nearest season to the student's grade are used for the check mark.)
You can sort the scores for a measure in ascending or descending order by clicking the column heading for the measure.
After you finish or score an assessment, you will see the Score Pending message for a short time as the software calculates the score. You can click the refresh icon on the cell to refresh the page and to see if the score is ready yet.
Some Correct Per Minute (CPM) scores are adjusted (equated) based on form difficulty or because forms were completed before time ran out. In both of these instances, the score will be higher than the observed score. For more information, see Correct Per Minute Scores and How They Are Adjusted (Equated).
Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español) assessments have a percent accuracy score in addition to the Correct Per Minute score. You can see the percent accuracy score when you select a score in the Record Book; you also see it on the Student Details page.
Scores across measures aren't comparable. For example, a Correct Per Minute score that may be Satisfactory/Optimal for Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español) may be in the Alert category for Combinaciones de letras.
For Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español), benchmarks are only available for passages at the student's current grade level, not passages at other grade levels.
Seasons and Benchmarks
In Star CBM Lectura, benchmarks show whether students are performing as expected on the measure for the grade level and season. Seasons include Fall, Winter, and Spring:
|Fall||Either the school year start date or August 1 (whichever is earlier) through November 30|
|Winter||December 1 through March 31|
|Spring||April 1 through the end of the school year (or July 31)|
Benchmarks are available for the measures that are recommended for each grade and season. Scores with benchmarks are shown on a background color that reflects the benchmark category; scores that don't have benchmarks are shown on a gray background. Note: Star CBM Lectura benchmarks cannot be changed. For detailed information about the benchmark categories and the related scores, see Star CBM Lectura Score and Benchmark Tables.
|Grade||Measures That Have Benchmarks|
|Kindergarten||Combinaciones de letras (Spring only)|
|Grade 1||Combinaciones de letras (Fall and Winter only)
Palabras con sílabas simples (Winter and Spring only)
Palabras con sílabas compuestas (Spring only)
Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español)*
|Grade 2||Palabras con sílabas compuestas
Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español)*
|Grade 3||Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español)*|
|Grade 4||Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español)*|
* Recommended screening measure for the grade and subject. For Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español), only passages at the student's grade have benchmarks.
Once the first assessment has been scored, at the top of the page you will also see the Star CBM Lectura status bar. This bar shows you the latest assessment results for the selected subject based on each student's last assessment (even if the students weren't assessed on the same measure). The bars indicate how many students tested in the Satisfactory/Optimal or Alert categories in their last assessment. The gray portion of the bar shows you how many students took assessments that don't have a benchmark for their grade level. The white portion with the dashed line shows how many students haven't taken any assessments. If you move the cursor over the bar, you will see how many students are in each category.
Rapid Automatic Naming assessments are not included in the status bar.
You will also see the latest assessment results for other Star assessments that your students took for the selected subject (reading or math). For Star Reading and Star Math, each bar includes only students' most recent Star Reading or Math assessments for English and for Spanish, so if a student has taken both Star Reading and Star Early Literacy assessments in one language, only the most recent test will be included in the status bars.
Each status bar will show you the proportion of students who have scored in each benchmark category for that assessment, and if you move the mouse over the bar, you will see how many students are in each category. Students whose tests have no benchmarks (Star Math Algebra and Geometry tests) will be shown in gray. The white area surrounded by the dashed bar shows you that some students either haven't taken the assessment or have a different, more recent Star assessment for the same subject and language.
Viewing Previous Scores
When you select a score, you can see the student's last four scores for the selected measure in this school year. For Pasajes para lectura en voz alta (español) assessments, the grade level of the assessment is shown after the score; percent accuracy is also shown for those assessments.
From here, you can do the following:
- Select Details to the right of a score and assessment date to view detailed results for a specific assessment, including the score, any notes you entered, and the items that were marked wrong. You can also edit the score. If an audio recording is available, you can listen to that recording (and remove it if you'd like).
- Select Start or Print Assessment to start a new assessment of this type for the student.
- Select the measure name at the bottom of the popup window to see a chart of the student's assessments on this measure during this school year.
You can also select a student's name to see the student's details, which include all of the student's Star CBM Lectura scores and progress toward the student's goal (if you have set one).
In Star CBM Lectura, goals help you monitor a student's progress toward a desired outcome over time. You can set a student goal for any measure that you have administered to the student at least once. Students can have multiple goals, but they can only have one goal per measure at a time (except for Pasajes para lectura en voz alta español, where students can have one goal per grade level). You cannot set a goal for students who have not taken any Star CBM Lectura assessments. Goals are not available for Rapid Automatic Naming assessments.
The Goal column on the CBM Spanish Assessments tab provides more information for student goal-setting:
|Goal Column Message||What It Means|
|...||The student has taken at least one assessment. You can set a goal by selecting …, but based on the measure assessed (or a Satisfactory/Optimal score on a recommended screening measure), Star CBM Lectura isn't prompting you to set one at this time.|
|Add Goal||Star CBM Lectura suggests that you set goal for the student based on the student's score on the recommended screening measure. (Only grades 2, 3, and 4 have a recommended screening measure.) When you select Add Goal, the suggested measure will be selected. Note: Even if you don't see the "Add Goal" message, you can still set a goal for the student by selecting the student's latest score for a measure and selecting Add Goal.|
|Needs Screening||The student hasn't taken any Star CBM Lectura assessments. You can't set a goal until the student has taken at least one assessment.|
|Not Assessed||There is no recommended screening measure for the student's grade (may be seen for Pre-K or grades above the recommendations), and the student has not taken any assessments. You can't set a goal until the student has taken at least one assessment.|
|Track Goal||You have set at least one goal for the student; the measures that you have set goals for are labeled "Monitor Progress." When you select Track Goal, you will go to the Student Details page with the Star CBM Lectura tab selected. On that page, you'll see a chart showing the student's progress toward each goal, and you can select Edit Goal if you need to change or end the goal.|
For more information about setting and monitoring goals, see Goals and Star CBM Lectura.
When you select the Star CBM Lectura tile on the Home page, you can select Data Insights to see your Star CBM Lectura data. On the Star CBM Data Insights page, make sure Star CBM Lectura is checked. You will see the following by class, grade, school, or the district:
- the percentage of your students who have been administered the recommended screening measure for their grade in the current screening window (if the student's grade has a recommended screening measure)
- the percentage of students who have completed any Star CBM Lectura assessment in the current screening window
- the percentage who are proficient on the screening measure (those who scored in the Satisfactory/Optimal category) - if you select Explore the Data, you can get more information about proficiency for any measure
- the percentage of students whose scores on the recommended screening measure have moved up from Alert to Satisfactory/Optimal (and how students in general have transitioned between benchmark categories)
You can also go to Data Insights by selecting the Reports tile on the Home page and selecting Star CBM Data Insights.
The Data Insights page allows you to see data across your classes and schools, to see lists of students who haven't been screened, students who scored in each benchmark category, and students who transitioned from one benchmark category to another. You can view data from screening windows in the current school year and the previous school year. You can also filter and sort data, print the data or save it to a file (PDF), and export data for use in your spreadsheet program. For more information, see Star CBM Data Insights.